Peter Reuter is Professor in the School of Public Policy and in the Department of Criminology at the University of Maryland. He is Director of the Program on the Economics of Crime and Justice Policy at the University and also Senior Economist at RAND. 

From 1981 to 1993 he was a Senior Economist in the Washington office of the RAND Corporation.  He founded and directed RAND’s Drug Policy Research Center from 1989-1993; the Center is a multi-disciplinary research program begun in 1989 with funding from a number of foundations.  His early research focused on the organization of illegal markets and resulted in the publication of Disorganized Crime: The Economics of the Visible Hand (MIT Press, 1983), which won the Leslie Wilkins award as most outstanding book of the year in criminology and criminal justice.  Since 1985 most of his research has dealt with alternative approaches to controlling drug problems, both in the United States and Western Europe.  In recent years he has also been publishing on money laundering control and on the flows of illicit funds from developing nations.

His books include (with Robert MacCoun) Drug War Heresies: Learning from Other Places, Times and Vices (Cambridge University Press, 2001, (with Letizia Paoli and Victoria Greenfield) The World Heroin Market: Can Supply be Cut? (Oxford University Press, 2009); and with 4 other authors Cannabis Policy: Moving Beyond Stalemate (Oxford University Press, 2010)  From 1999 to 2004 he was editor of the Journal of Policy Analysis and Management. In 2007 he was elected the first president of the International Society for the Study of Drug Policy.

Dr. Reuter was a member of the National Research Council Committee on Law and Justice from 1997-2002 and of the Office of National Drug Control Policy’s Committee on Data, Research and Evaluation from 1996-2003. He has served on a number of National Academy of Sciences panel and is currently chairing one dealing with immigration enforcement.  He has testified frequently before Congress and has addressed senior policy audiences in many countries, including Australia, Chile, Colombia and Great Britain. He has served as a consultant to numerous government agencies (including GAO, ONDCP, NIJ, SAMHSA) and to foreign organizations including the European Monitoring Center on Drugs and Drug Abuse, United Nations Drug Control Program and the British Department of Health.  Most recently he has been doing research for the World Bank.  Dr. Reuter received his PhD in Economics from Yale.