Books & Monographs


Global Surveillance of Dirty Money: Assessing Assessment of Regimes to Control Money Laundering and Combat the Financing of Terrorism (Halliday, T; Levi, M. and Reuter) American Bar Foundation 2014

 Drug Trafficking Revenues and Violence in Mexico: Would Legalizing Marijuana in California Help? (2010) Kilmer, B., Caulkins,J. P., Bond, B. and Reuter, RAND Occasional Paper

Altered State?  Assessing marijuana legalization could affect marijuana consumption and public budgets in California [Kilmer, B., Caulkins, J., Pacula R., MacCoun, R. and Reuter] (2010) RAND Occasional Paper.

Cannabis Policy. Moving Beyond Stalemate (2010). Room, R., Fischer, B., Hall, W., Lenton, S., and Reuter, P. Oxford University Press.

Drug Policy and the Public Good (2010). Babor, T., Caulkins, J., Edwards, G., Fischer, B., Foxcroft, D., Humphreys, K., Obot, I., Rehm, J., Reuter, P., Room, R., Rossow, I., and Strang, J. Oxford University Press.

Assessment of Swiss Drug Policy 1998-2007 (Reuter with D. Schnoz) Swiss Federal Office of Public Health (2009)

The World Heroin Market: Can Supply Be Cut? (2009) Paoli, L., Greenfield, V., and Reuter, P. Oxford University Press.

An Analysis of UK Drug Policy (2007). Reuter, P., Stevens, A. UK Drug Policy Commission

An Analytic Assessment of U.S. Drug Policy (2005). Boyum, D., Reuter, P. American Enterprise Institute

How Goes the War on Drugs (2005). Caulkins, J., Reuter, P., Iguchi, M., Chiesa, J. RAND

Chasing Dirty Money:The Fight Against Money Laundering (2004). Reuter, P., Truman, E. Institute for International Economics

Drug War Heresies: Learning from Other Places, Times and Vices (2001). MacCoun, R., Reuter, P. Cambridge University Press

Money from Crime (1990). Reuter, P., MacCoun, R., Murphy, P. RAND

The Organization of High Level Drug Markets (1989). Reuter, P., Haaga, J. RAND

Edited Volumes

Reuter and M. Majmundar (eds) Understanding the U.S. Illicit Tobacco Market: Characteristics, Policy Context, and Lessons from International Experiences National Academy Press 2015

Draining Development?:Controlling illicit flows of funds from developing countries (2012) Reuter (editor) World Bank Press

Budgeting for Immigration Enforcement: A Path to Better Performance. Redburn, S; Reuter and Majmundar, M (eds.) National Academy Press, 2011 Report of Committee chaired by Reuter

Understanding the Demand for Drugs (Reuter, editor) National Academy of Sciences Press (2010) Report of a workshop chaired by Reuter.

Assessing the Operations of the Global Illicit Drug Markets, 1998-2007 (2009). Reuter, P., Trautmann, F. (editors). Report for the European Commission [600 pages] Main Report authored by Reuter, as are two of the seven appendices

Articles & Book Chapters

Drug Markets

"Cash and carry: the high cost of currency smuggling in the drug trade.(2016). Soudijn, M., & Reuter, P.  Crime, Law and Social Change, 1–20.

Kilmer, B, Caulkins J. Midgette, G. and Reuter (2015) “Cocaine’s Fall and Marijuana's Rise: Questions and Insights Based on New Estimates of Consumption and Expenditures in U.S. Drug Markets" Addiction 110 (5) 728-736

Pollack, H. and Reuter, P. (2014) “Does Tougher Enforcement Raise Drug Prices?” Addiction [R]

Reuter, P.  (2014) “Drug Markets and Organized Crime” in Paoli, L. (ed.) The Oxford Handbook on Organized Crime Oxford, Oxford University Press  pp. 359-380 (these are early proofs) 

Reuter, P. (2013) "Can Tobacco end game analysis learn anything from American experience with illegal drugs?" Tobacco Control

Reuter and H. A. Pollack (2012) “Good markets make bad neighbors: regulating open air drug marketsCriminology and Public Policy 11(2) 211-220

Kilmer, B., Caulkins, J, Pacula, R. Reuter (2011) "Bringing Perspective to Illicit Markets:Estimating the Size of the U.S. Marijuana Market" Drug and Alcohol Dependence  119 153-160

Purity, Price and Production: Are Drug Markets Different? (2011). P. Reuter and J.Caulkins. in de Grauwe and Costa Storti (eds) Illicit Trade and Globalization. Cambridge, MA, MIT Press.

Deterrence, Economics and the Context of Drug Markets (2011), Bushway, S. and Reuter; Criminology and Public Policy Vol 10, Issue 1  pp.183-194

Can Production and Trafficking of Illicit Drugs Be Reduced or Only Shifted? (2010). Reuter, P. in Keefer, P. (ed.) Innocent Bystanders: Developing Countries and the War on Drugs, Palgrave Macmillan

Is Medicinal Opium Production Afghanistan's Answer?: Lessons From India and the World Market (2009). Paoli, L., Greenfield, V., Reuter, P. Journal of Drug Policy Analysis, Volume 2, Issue 1

India: The World's Third Largest Illicit Opium Producer? (2009). Paoli, L., Greenfield, V., Charles, M., Reuter, P. Addiction 104 (3) 347-354

Drug Trafficking and Ethnic Minorities in Western Europe (2008). Paoli, L., Reuter, P. European Journal of Criminology, Vol 5(13), 2008

Reorienting U.S. Drug Policy (2006). Caulkins, J., Reuter, P. Issues in Science and Technology Online, Fall 2006

Can Supply Restrictions Lower Price? Violence, Drug Dealing and Positional Advantage (2006). Caulkins, J., Reuter, P., Taylor, L. Contributions to Economic Analysis & Policy, Vol 5(1), 2006

Illicit Drug Markets and Economic Irregularities (2006). Caulkins, J., Reuter, P. Socio-Economic Planning Sciences 40 (2006) 1-14

Illegal Lemons: Price Dispersion in Cocaine and Heroin Markets (2004). Reuter, P., Caulkins, J. Bulletin on Narcotics Volume LVI, Nos. 1 and 2, 2004, pp. 141-165

Evaluating Explanations of the Australian 'Heroin Shortage (2004). Degenhardt, L., Reuter, P., Collins, L., Hall, W. Addiction Vol 100, pp 459-469

The Political Economy of Drug Smuggling (2004). Reuter, P. Chapter 7 in Vellinga, M. (ed.) The Political Economy of the Drug Industry. University Press of Florida, Gainesville

The need for dynamic models of drug markets (2001). Reuter, P. Bulletin on Narcotics 53, 2001, pp. 1-10

What Price Data Tells Us About Drug Markets (1998). Caulkins, J., Reuter, P. Journal of Drug Issues Vol. 28 (3), Summer 1998, pp. 593-513

The Meaning and Utility of Drug Prices (1996). Caulkins, J., Reuter, P. Addiction Vol. 91 (9), September 1996, pp. 1261-1264

Are the Wages of Sin $30 and Hour? Economic Aspects of Street-level Drug Dealing (1992). Reuter, P., MaCoun, R. Crime and Delinquency Vol. 38 (4), October 1992, pp. 477-492

Risks and Prices: An Economic Analysis of Drug Enforcement (1986). Reuter, P., Kleiman, M. Crime and Justice: An Annual Review 9 , pp. 128-179

Drug Policy

"Change is possible: the history of the international drug control regime and implications for future policymaking.(2012).  Paoli, L., Greenfield, V. A., & Reuter, P.  Substance Use & Misuse47(8–9), 923–935. 

"What Can Learned from Cross-National Comparisons of Data on Illegal Drugs?" (Kilmer, Giommoni and Reuter) Crime and Justice: A Review of Research, Vol. 44

Kilmer, B, Caulkins J. Midgette, G. and Reuter, P., (2014) “Cocaine’s Fall and Marijuana's Rise: Questions and Insights Based on New Estimates of Consumption and Expenditures in U.S. Drug Markets" Addiction [R]  

Sevigny, E; Pollack, H. and Reuter, P., (2013) “Can Drug Courts Help Reduce Prison and Jail Populations?”  Annals of American Academy for Political and Social Sciences 647 190-212

Reuter (2013) “Why Has American Drug Policy Changed so Little in 30 years?”Crime and Justice in America, 1975-2025 Crime and Justice

Caulkins, J., Kilmer, B., MacCoun R., Pacula, R. and Reuter, P. (2012) “Design Considerations for Legalizing Cannabis: Lessons Inspired by Analysis of California’s Proposition 19" Addiction 107 (5)  865-871 [R] 

Reuter (2012) “Is Prevalence an Appropriate Target for Drug Policy?” in Zedillo, E. and H. Wheeler (eds.)  Rethinking the “War on Drugs” Through the US-Mexico Prism A Yale Center for the Study of Globalization eBook  pp.85-94 

Nguyen, H. and Reuter (2012) “How Risky is Marijuana Possession? Considering the Role of Age, Race and GenderCrime and Delinquency 58 879-910 [R] 

Room, R. and Reuter, P., (2012) "How well do international drug conventions protect public health?" The Lancet 379 84-91

Basing Scheduling Decisions on Scientific Ranking of Drugs’ Harmfulness: False Promise from False Premises (2011). Caulkins, J., Reuter, C. Coulson. Addiction. 106 (11): 1886-1890 

Assessing Drug Prohibition and its Alternatives: A Guide for Agnostics (2011). MacCoun, R. and Reuter P. Annual Review of Law and Social Sciences. Vol. 7

RAND’s Drug Policy Research Center (2011), Reuter, P., Pacula R. and Caulkins, J., Addiction 106 253-259 [R]

How can US Domestic Drug Policy help Mexico? in Olson, Shirk and Selee (eds), Shared Responsibility: US-Mexico Options for Confronting Organized Crime (2010), Washington, DC, Woodrow Wilson Center for International Scholars pp.121-140

How Drug Enforcement Affects Drug Prices (2010), Caulkins, J. and P. Reuter, Crime and Justice: A Review of Research 39 213-271 [R]

Do Citizens Know Whether Their State Has Decriminalized Marijuana? Assessing the Perceptual Component of Deterrence Theory (2009). MacCoun, R., Pacula, R., Chiriqi, J., Harrison, K. and Reuter, P. Review of Law and Economics Vol. 5, Issue 1, Article 5

Systemic Violence in Drug Markets (2009). Reuter, P. Crime, Law and Social Change

Ten years after UNGASS: assessing drug problems, policies and reform proposals (2009). Reuter, P. Addiction 104, pp. 510-517

Towards a harm reduction approach to enforcement (2009). Caulkins, J. and Reuter, P. Safer Communities 9(1) pp. 9-24

Do no harm: sensible goals for international drug pollicy (2009). Reuter, P. The American Interest IV(4) pp. 46-52

Assessing U.K. Drug Policy from a Crime Control Perspective (2008). Reuter, P., Stevens, A. Criminology and Criminal Justice 8(4) pp. 461-482

When is alcohol just another drug? (2007). Cook, P., Reuter, P. Addiction, Vol 102, pp. 1183-1188

The implications of recent findings on the link between cannabis and psychosis (2007). Pollack, H., Reuter, P. Addiction, Vol 102, pp. 173-176

Welfare Receipt and Substance Abuse Treatment Among Low-Income Mothers: The Impact of Welfare Reform (2006). Pollack, H., Reuter, P. American Journal of Public Health, Vol 96(11), pp. 2024-2031

What Drug Policies Cost. Estimating Government Drug Policy Expenditures (2006). Reuter, P. Addiction, Vol 101, pp. 312-322

How Much Can Treatment Reduce National Drug Problems? (2006). Reuter, P., Pollack, H. Addiction, Vol 101, pp. 341-347

Does Precursor Regulation Make a Difference? (2003). Reuter, P., Caulkins, J. Addiction Vol. 98 (9), pp. 1177-1179

Drug Use (2003). Reuter, P. Chapter 13, Besharov, D. (ed.) Family and Child Well-Being After Welfare Reform. Transaction Press, New Brunswich, NJ

Research on Drugs-Crime Linkages: The Next Generation (2003). MacCoun, R., Kilmer, B., Reuter, P. NIJ Special Report

Evaluating Alternative Cannabis Control Regimes (2001). MacCoun, R., Reuter, P. British Journal of Psychiatry Vol. 178, 2001, pp. 123-128

Measuring global drug markets; how good are the numbers and why should we care about them (2001). Reuter, P., Greenfield, V. World Economics Vol. 2 (4), 2001, pp.155-173

Why Does Research Have So Little Impact on American Drug Policy? (2001). Reuter, P. Addiction Vol. 96 (3), March 2001, pp. 373-376

Is a U.S. Heroin Maintenance Experiment Necessary? (2001). Reuter, P., MacCoun, R. in Musto (ed.) One Hundred Years of Heroin. Greenwood Press

Interpreting Dutch Cannabis Policy: Reasoning by Analogy in the Drug Legalization Debate (1997). MacCoun, R., Reuter, P. Science Vol. 278, October 3, 1997, pp. 47-52

Why Can't We Make Prohibition Work Better? (1997) Reuter, P. Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society , Vol. 141, No. 3. (Sep., 1997), pp. 262-275

Setting Goals for Drug Policy: Harm Reduction or Use Reduction? (1997). Caulkins, J., Reuter, P. Addiction Vol. 97 (9), September 1997, pp. 1143-1150

Quest for Integrity: The Mexican-U.S. Drug Issue in the 1980s (1992). Reuter, P., Ronfeldt, D. Journal of Interamerican Affairs 34 (3), pp.89-153

Can the Borders be Sealed? (1988). The Public Interest, Summer 1988, pp. 51-65

Money Laundering

Reuter  (2014)  “Benefits and Costs of the IFF Targets for the Post-2015 Development Agenda” Commentary for the Copenhagen Consensus

Money Laundering (2009). Levi, M., Reuter, P. in Tonry, M. (ed.) The Oxford Handbook of Crime and Public Policy Oxford University Press

Money Laundering (2006) Levi, M., Reuter, P. Crime and Justice, Vol 34, 2006, pp. 289-375

Money Laundering Controls and Terrorist Finance (2005). Reuter, P., Truman, E. Financial Regulator Vol. 10, No. 2 September 2005, pp.35-37

Are estimates of the volume of money laundering either feasible or useful? (2013) in Unger and van der Linde Handbook on Money Laundering Edward Elgar money laundering estimates


"Smuggling wildlife in the Americas: scale, methods, and links to other organised crimes." (2016). Reuter, P., & O’Regan, D. Global Crime0(0), 1–23. 

If Drug Treatment Works So Well, Why are So Many Drug Users Incarcerated? (2011). Pollack, H., Sevigny, E. and Reuter P. in Cook, P., Ludwig,J. and J. McCrary. Controlling Crime: Strategies and Trade-offs. /NBER Chicago: University of Chicago Press. 125-160    

Deterrence, Economics and the Context of Drug Markets (2011). Bushway, S. and Reuter, P. Criminology and Public Policy. 10 (1): 183-194

Economists' Contribution to the Study of Crime and the Criminal Justice System (2008). Reuter, P., Bushwa, S. Crime and Justice: A Review of Research Vol. 37, 2008

Revisiting Incapacitation: Can We Generate New Esimates? (2007). Reuter, P., Bushwa, S. J Quant Criminol Vol. 23 (2007), pp. 259-265

Australia: A Massive Buyback of Low-Risk Guns (2003). Reuter, P., Mouzos, J. Chapter 4 in Cook, P., Ludwig, J. (eds) Evaluating Gun Control. Brookings Institution, Washington, DC

Labor Markets and Crime Risk Factors (2002). Bushway, S., Reuter, P. in Farrington & Welsh (eds.) Preventing Crime. London, Routledge, Kegan and Paul, pp. 198-240. Also Chapter 6 in Lawrence Sherman et al. Preventing Crime: What Works, What Doesn't and What is Promising. National Institute of Justice, 1997

Labor Markets and Crime (2001). Bushway, S., Reuter, P. in Wilson, J., Petersilia, J. (eds.) Crime, 2nd edition, pp. 191-224

Suppressing Gun Markets: Insights from Drug Enforcement (1996). Koper, C., Reuter, P. Law and Contemporary Problems Vol 59 (1), Winter 1996, pp. 119-146

Other Topics

RAND’s Drug Policy Research Center (2011). Reuter, P., Pacula R. and J. Caulkins. Addiction. 106 253-259

Lessons of the 'War' on Drugs for the 'War' on Terrorism (2003). Caulkins, J., Kleiman, M., Reuter, P. in Howitt & Pangi (eds) Countering Terrorism: Dimensions of Preparedness. MIT Press, Cambridge, pp. 73-93

Editors Note: Assessing JPAM after 20 years (2002). Reuter, P. and Smith-Ready, J. Journal of Policy Analysis and Management, Vol. 21 (3), 2002, pp. 339-353

Magazine Essays

Illicit Drug Policy (2010). Reuter, P. The Milken Institute Review

Kilmer, B. and Reuter, P. (2009) “Prime Numbers: DopedForeign Policy November/December pp.34-35 

Cocaine, Marijuana and Heroin (2002). MacCoun, R., Reuter, P. American Prospect, 3, June 2002

The Limits of Supply Side Drug Control (2001). Reuter, P., First Quarter 2001, pp. 14-23

Does Europe Do It Better? Lessons from Holland, Britain and Switzerland (1999). MacCoun, R., Reuter, P. The Nation, September 1999

Drug Use Measures: What Are They Really Telling Us? (1999). Reuter, P. National Institute of Justice Journal, April 1999, pp. 12-19

Op-Eds and Testimony

Making Drug Courts Useful (2010). Reuter, P. Testimony before the Domestic Policy Subcommittee, Oversight and Government Reform Committee, April 14, 2010

An Assessment of Drug Incarceration and Foreign Interventions (2009). Reuter, P. Testimony before the U.S. House of Representatives Committee on Government Reform, May 19, 2009

An Assessment of ONDCP's Budget Concept (2005). Reuter, P. Testimony before the U.S. House of Representatives Committee on Government Reform, February 10, 2005

Make Sure Maryland Keeps the Jackpot (2003). Reuter, P. Washington Post, February 9, 2003, p. B2

Myths About Drugs and Welfare (2002). Pollack, H., Reuter, P. Washington Post Editorial, October 1, 2002, p. A21

What Can be Done at the Border (2001). Reuter, P. Washington Post Editorial, December 28, 2001, p. A23

One Tough Plant (2000). Reuter, P. NY Times Editorial, March 31, 2000, Section A, pg. 27

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